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Latest Technology in Gastric Bypass Surgery

Latest Technology in Gastric Bypass Surgery
Struggling for years through diet and exercise to see the weight never come off is a reality for many. The obese and those with metabolic disorders face critical situations when unable to reach a healthy weight. That is when gastric bypass surgery becomes the last resort. Undergoing such an invasive surgery used to have a high potentiality for causing issues or somehow reverse itself, but now there are non-surgical innovations aiding people in loosing weight to keep it off, and reclaim their lives.

While there are multiple types of bariatric surgeries out there, gastric bypass Roux-en-Y is the most common route, which reduces the patient’s stomach size by up to 90%. When someone undergoes such a procedure, they are having a small pouch created on the upper stomach. This pouch only has a capacity of 15-30 ml, depending on the individual. Because this pouch is attached to the small intestine, the actual stomach is bypassed.

There are variations to the Roux-en-Y (RNY) gastric bypass surgery based on where and how the stomach is cut. With a proximal cut, the small intestine is divided about 18 inches below the stomach organ, creating a Y-shaped line that gets attached to the small pouch through a “Roux limb.” In the distal type, the Y-configuration is made near the end of the small intestine, reducing the amount of starches and fat absorbed by the bowel.

The latest technology allows gastric bypass surgery to be done laparoscopically, and better yet, robotically. The da Vinci surgical system lets the surgeon not only make extremely tiny cuts to avoid blood loss and scarring, it allows them precision. Robotic instruments and a camera are inserted through these small incisions. The surgeon can then control the entire procedure from a nearby console.

Another less invasive gastric bypass technique called Primary Obesity Surgery Endoluminal is rapidly gaining popularity. This procedure significantly reduces post-operation pain, infection and leaves no scars. The surgeon actually works through an endoscope that goes down the patient’s throat. The tube is then used to gather up, stitch and pleat the stomach so it cannot expand to its fullest potential.

Though open RNY gastric bypass surgery has long been considered the end line for many, new innovations are developing to enhance the effectiveness of the surgery. Less invasive procedures like the da Vinci surgical system and the endoluminal approach are just the beginning. These advancements allow for patients to recover swiftly and return to home and work quicker, so they can experience their new lives sooner.

References:
http://www.news-medical.net/health/Gastric-Bypass-Types.aspx
http://www.medstarfranklinsquare.org/our-services/surgical-services/treatments/bariatric-surgery/types-of-bariatric-surgery/#gastric
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2997602/The-new-risky-weight-loss-surgery-doesn-t-involve-incisions-won-t-leave-scars-shrinks-stomach.html
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